STUDI RETROSPEKTIF KETAHANAN HIDUP ORANG DENGAN INFEKSI HIV/AIDS (ODHA) DI RSUD DR. ACHMAD MOCHTAR BUKITTINGGI

sukarsi rusti

Abstract


HIV/AIDS disease is a health problem in indonesia. The problem cause of the number of morbility and mortality that still hight. It is cause of long term infection, adherance consuming the drungs and opportunistic that can deastroy the imun system of People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLHIV).  The purpose of this research is to identify the factors related to the people living with PLHIV in Achmad Muchtar Hospital Bukittinggi

2016.

This research was conducted by a retrospective cohort design approach, doing  research  of the death of people who living with HIV by observing the patient’s  medical  record  from  2014-2015.  The  research  of  study  were  215 patient’s  who  is  criteria  inclusion.  Analysis  data  using  test  chi-square.  who became the independent  variable is  long  infection,  adherance  comsuming the Anti Retroviral (ARV) , and opportunistic infection and dependent variable that survive the HIV people life.

The research showed that among  215 patients with the number of deaths 39 people ( 18,% ), stages 3 and 4 (>5 th) is 89 people ( 41.4% ), not adherence is  77 people ( 35.8% ), and who suffered an opportunistic infection were 61 people (28.4% ). The statistical test relationships survival of people  living with HIV with long-term  infection obtained p value = 0,000 and RR = 0,019 ( confidence interfal 95 % with alpha = 0.05 ), adherance comsuming the ARV obtained p value  = 0,000 and  RR = 0,494 ( confidence interfal  95 % with alpha = 0.05 ), infection opportunistic obtained p value = 0,000 and RR = 0,361 ( confidence interfal 95 % with αlpha = 0.05 ).

From these findings, it can be concluded that  the  long-term  infection,  adherence  ARV  and opportunistic infections associated with survival of people living with HIV. Of the three variables obtained interrelated and value the highest association is long-term  infection.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32883/hcj.v3i3.89

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