Pemanfaatan Virtual Reality Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Bersosialisasi Pada Klien Skizofrenia: Literature Review

Ellya - Fadllah, Rona Cahyantari Merduaty, Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati


Social dysfunction is a manifestation of symptoms of schizophrenia which is characterized by decreased social functioning. One of the modality therapies that can be done to improve the socialization ability is social skills interventions in the form of repeatedly and gradually socialization exercises in patients. This article aimed to explore the using virtual reality for improving social skills of  patients with  schizophrenia. Literature review used in this study reviewed journals collected  from  Clinical Key, EBSCO, ProQuest and  Scopus since 2007-2019. Literature study in this scientific paper shows the result that using virtual reality in schizophrenia  patient need to  be  applied  to  improve his/her social skills, though the method that already done in conventional way. Virtual reality   is   one   of   methodes   that can be used  to improve social skills of schizophrenia patients.


Keyword: Social Skills, Virtual Reality, Schizoprenia


Full Text:



Freeman, D., Reeve, S., Robinson, A., Ehlers, A., Clark, D., Spanlang, B., & Slater, M. (2017). Virtual reality in the assessment , understanding , and treatment of mental health disorders. 2393–2400.

Grochowska, A., Jarema, M., & Wichniak, A. (2019). Virtual reality – a valuable tool to advance treatment of mental disorders. 65–73.

Kardong-edgren, S. S., Farra, S. L., Alinier, G., & Young, H. M. (2019). Short Communication A Call to Unify Definitions of Virtual Reality. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 31, 28–34.

Ku, J., Han, K., Hyung, R. L., Hee, J. J., Kwang, U. K., Sung, H. P., … Kim, S. I. (2007). VR-based conversation training program for patients with schizophrenia: A preliminary clinical trial. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 10(4), 567–574.

Ose, S. O., Færevik, H., Kaasbøll, J., Lindgren, M., Thaulow, K., Antonsen, S., & Burkeland, O. (2019). Exploring the Potential for Use of Virtual Reality Technology in the Treatment of Severe Mental Illness Among Adults in Mid-Norway: Collaborative Research Between Clinicians and Researchers. JMIR Formative Research, 3(2), e13633.

Park, K., Ku, J., Choi, S., Jang, H., Park, J., Kim, S. I., & Kim, J. (2019). A virtual reality application in role-plays of social skills training for schizophrenia : A randomized , controlled trial. Psychiatry Research, 189(2), 166–172.

Rus-calafell, M., Gutiérrez-maldonado, J., & Ribas-sabaté, J. (2019). Journal of Behavior Therapy and A virtual reality-integrated program for improving social skills in patients with schizophrenia : A pilot study. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 45(1), 81–89.

Rus-Calafell, M., Gutiérrez-Maldonado, J., & Ribas-Sabaté, J. (2014). Social skills training for people with schizophrenia: What do we train? Behavioral Psychology/ Psicologia Conductual, 22(3), 461–477.

Smith, M. J., Fleming, M. F., Wright, M. A., Roberts, A. G., Humm, L. B., Olsen, D., & Bell, M. D. (2015). Virtual reality job interview training and 6-month employment outcomes for individuals with schizophrenia seeking employment. Schizophrenia Research, 166(1–3), 86–91.

Stuart, G. W. (2010). Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing (10th ed.). Missouri: Elsevier Inc.

Townsend, Mary, C. (2008). Essential of psychiatric mental health nursing (Fourth Edi). Philadelpia: F.A Davis Company.

Videbeck, Sheila, L. (2011). Psychyatric health nursing (Fifth Edit). Philadelpia: Lippincot William & Wilkins.




  • There are currently no refbacks.